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Democratic presidential candidate, Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt. visits his campaign headquarters to thank volunteers, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in
Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
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DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) — Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders were locked in a tight battle in Iowa's leadoff presidential caucuses Monday as the two rivals offered Americans a stark choice between political pragmatism and revolution.

Nine months after launching their campaigns, the two candidates faced Iowa voters in equally precarious positions.

Front-runner Clinton was determined to banish the possibility of dual losses in Iowa and in New Hampshire, the nation's first primary, where she trails the Vermont senator. Two straight defeats could set off alarms within the party and throw into question her ability to defeat a Republican.

Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton meets with staff at the Hillary for Iowa Office in Des Moines, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP
Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton meets with staff at the Hillary for Iowa Office in Des Moines, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik) (Andrew Harnik/AP)

Sanders, for his part, was hoping to replicate President Barack Obama's pathway to the presidency by using a victory in Iowa to catapult his passion and ideals of "democratic socialism" deep into the primaries. He raised $20 million during January and hoped to turn an Iowa win into a fundraising bonanza.

"We've got a tie ballgame — that's where we are," Sanders told volunteers and supporters in Des Moines, imploring them to turn out for the caucuses.

The race was close between Clinton and Sanders, according to entrance poll interviews with early arrivals to caucus sites conducted by Edison Research for AP and television networks.


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Even before the caucuses began, Sanders was working to discount the importance of a Clinton edge coming out of Iowa, telling reporters that if the former secretary of state "ends up with two delegates more of many, many hundred delegates, you tell me why that's the end of the world."

He served notice: "We're taking this all of the way."

A loss in Iowa would be a major setback for Sanders' upstart challenge against Clinton, who has deep ties throughout the party's establishment and a strong following among a more diverse electorate that plays a larger role in primary contests in February and March.

Caucus-goers were choosing between Clinton's pledge to use her wealth of experience in government to bring about steady progress on democratic ideals and Sanders' call for radical change in a system rigged against ordinary Americans.

"Hillary goes out and works with what we have to work with. She works across the aisle and gets things accomplished," said 54-year-old John Grause, a precinct captain for Clinton in Nevada, Iowa.

"It's going to be Bernie. Hillary is history. He hasn't been bought," countered 55-year-old Su Podraza-Nagle, 55, who was caucusing for Sanders in the same town.

In a campaign in which Clinton has closely aligned herself with Obama, more than half of Democratic caucus-goers said they were looking for a candidate who would continue the president's policies, according to preliminary entrance polls of those beginning to arrive at caucus locations.

Sanders' appeal with young voters was evident: More than 8 in 10 caucus-goers under 30 came to support him, as did nearly 6 in 10 of those between ages 30 and 44. Clinton got the support of 6 in 10 caucus-goers between ages 45 and 64, and 7 in 10 of those 65 and over.

Caucus-goers were about evenly split between health care and the economy as the top issues facing the nation. About a quarter said the top issue was income inequality, Sanders' signature issue.

About 4 in 10 said they were first-time caucus attendees, about the same proportion who said so in 2008, when Obama's support among newcomers was critical.

Former Maryland Gov. Martin O'Malley, who's failed to break single digits in most polls, trailed Clinton and Sanders by wide margins and was only expected to affect the outcome in a tight race.

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