Statistically speaking: No.
And please keep in mind these surveys tend to err on the side of positive responses cause psychologically, people tend to prefer "favorable" over "unfavorable"
when asked the question by a stranger on the phone.
So, in reality the percentage of "favorable" is much lower. And given the nature of media rhetoric and selective media coverage, I would say that the number 38% is already far, far higher than I had expected.
If I were an average white American, with an average white American knowledge of the world outside the US, then I can't come up with any reasons to like China. Maybe I would have a favorable opinion of Chinese American people, but the actual People's Republic of China? No, I can't imagine why.
Now let's flip this around, what do the Chinese think of the US:
Well, good to know the bad vibes are mutual.